As I put on winter coats to help keep my chicks warm and gear them up to take care of the cold morning, they very innocently asked “Mother, how do animals stay warm in winter?” “Where do they go during the chilly winter months?” While I attempted to brush off their query, hurrying through the routine morning chores, they made me promise I will tell them all about it when they return from college. Having written countless blogs and posts for my customers as a ghostwriter and blogger, I thought it’s time I put together something especially for my girls. Hopefully, it is going to answer similar wide-eyed queries posed by several other children also. So here it goes.
As the days start getting shorter and the temperature drops, some people migrate south towards warmer weather, many others just wear an additional blanket on their mattress to hibernate or wear their winter jacket to keep warm and energetic. Ever thought about how do animals survive through the winter months and where would they go for their food source? Here is how birds and animals sustain through the cold winter.
Migration: Many butterflies and birds migrate as far as Southern America to find a warmer place to live in and consistent food source to help them endure during the winter. Some animals and birds, such as the little brown bat and Indiana, migrate shorter space south. They will reduce their body temperature to remain hot, slow their heart rate and hibernate in the caves.
Hibernation: True hibernators such as the bear will reduce their body temperature and slow their heartbeat to close coma level to survive through the winter. Animals like Groundhogs will awaken and shiver themselves hot in case their body temperature drops too low while hibernating.
Hence, they will find solace in small sleep and proceed about for shelter without even changing their own body temperature or heart rate. During mild weather, they wake up to eat and move around in search of food.
Food Storage: The vital element for winter survival for warm-blooded animals is the food resource. Maintaining body temperature needs a whole lot of energy. Honeybees have a tendency to construct a wax comb inside the trees for security and will keep honey up as their food supply. Similarly, squirrels tend to keep up nuts. They consume as much as they could and hide the rest. They will spend their entire day right from early dawn until evening seeking food while taking caution to safeguard themselves from becoming food.
They will simply find themselves a warm, cozy attic, yard or house and gently snuggle-in to call it their own.
Insulation: Snow and ice have a tendency to act as a protective insulator that blocks the passage of heat from the environment into your body. While some fishes remain fairly active beneath the layers of icy-cold water, many turtles and frogs penetrate deep and find a hiding spot beneath the stones, leaves and logs. Many times, they find heat by burying their little body from the mud. While on land, most reptiles, amphibians and tiny mammals will hide out under the leaves, snow and grass. These are the areas in which they hibernate. Some will cuddle-up inside their nests with their young ones with stored food distribution.
Adaptation: Animals that cannot store food are needed to hibernate, migrate or learn how to adapt. The red foxes change their diet from insects and berries to miniature rodents. Many non-migrating birds like robins and cardinal alter their diet from berries and insects to seeds and fruit. Deer will trigger through the snow or eat bark when the grass is coated and leaves are all gone.
Changing Diet: Non-migrating birds such as the cardinal and robin will also alter their diet from insects and berries to fruits and seeds. Deers will root through the snow or eat bark once the bud is covered and leaves are all gone. The red fox switches its own diet out of berries and insects to little rodents.
The increasingly cold temperature of the chilly months causes a number of different types of birds and wild creatures to start looking for shelter from the warmth of inside. Thus, you may even discover a few butterflies, raccoons, squirrels, opossums or even bats paying a visit to your dwelling. It’s vital to undertake easy pest removal and require careful precaution to secure your home from any kind of wild birds or animal intrusion, particularly for a few annoying species. Make an animal friendly habitat by providing natural food sources and shelter. Find out What Do Squirrels Eat? Plant native grass, berries, berries and fruit producing plants. If you stay home this winter or go for a winter vacation to some place warm, don’t hibernate.